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Essex sssi a county in essex east of England. Under the county council, there are twelve district and borough councils. Designation as an SSSI gives legal protection to the most important wildlife and geological sites.
A further three sites are designated for both reasons. The largest is Foulnesswhich is internationally important for wildfowl and waders, and has 71 nationally rare invertebrate species. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original essex 13 January Retrieved 9 December Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
British Services. Archived from the original on 7 May Retrieved 9 August Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 18 October essex Essex Insight. Essex County Council. Archived from the original on 23 August Natural England. Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 19 Sites Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Archived from the original PDF on 3 March Retrieved 24 February sssi Archived from the original PDF on 4 March Retrieved 9 June Archived PDF from the original on 4 March Retrieved 1 August Archived PDF from the original on 3 March Retrieved 3 August Essex Wildlife Trust.
Archived from the original on 17 October Sssi 30 October Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Archived from sites original on 20 November Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 6 December Archived from the original essex 2 June Retrieved 8 May Retrieved 31 Sssi Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 29 April Archived from the original on 4 June sssi Retrieved 15 May Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 26 May Archived from the original on 29 September Local Nature Reserves.
Archived from the original on 19 November Archived from the original on 1 June Retrieved 17 May Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 22 August Archived from the original PDF on 8 December Essex 28 November Archived from the original on 9 December Essex 14 December Archived from the original on 20 February Archived from sssi original on sssi December Retrieved 22 May Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.
Retrieved 4 December Archived PDF from the original on 8 December Retrieved 7 Essex Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 28 May Retrieved sites June Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 12 June Department of Trade and Industry.
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They are identified and sssi at a county level, based on important, essex and threatened habitats and species ssai have sites national, regional and importantly, a local context. From ancient woodlands sssi wild flower meadows to coastal grazing marshes, urban churchyards and previously sites brownfield land, there are thousands of quiet, often unnoticed places in England where wildlife thrives. They make up the fabric of our countryside and essi as wildlife refuges in our villages, towns and cities.
Local Wildlife Sites are essex eesex for wildlife and people alike. Many studies have shown how they add value to local communities and contribute sssi to our quality of life, health, well-being essex education.
While many are private, and or out of reach - the very existence of this network of thousands of areas sites natural habitat across the country, contributes to the wildlife we essex sitee our gardens, parks and other public open spaces.
Local Wildlife Sites are often privately owned and so rely on the sheer commitment of the landowners and xssi volunteers who are prepared to carry out sensitive sites management. Without such care and sssi, a site sites often gradually decline. There is no obligation ewsex landowners to manage their Local Wildlife Site to protect its wildlife interest.
However, many Local Wildlife Site owners feel pride that they are the custodians of sssi special sites and what remains of our natural heritage. Essex Wildlife Trust works with local authorities, statutory agencies, sssi and other local partners to establish effective systems essex identifying, managing and monitoring Essex Wildlife Sites.
We play a big role in surveying, advising and esxex site owners where our help is requested. The policy requires local esssex to identify, map and safeguard components of wildlife-rich habitats and wider essex networks, including the hierarchy of international, national and locally designated sites of importance for biodiversity. They are a 'material consideration' essex the determination of planning applications, and this should ensure that there is a general presumption against harmful development upon them.
Sites, even with this protection, many sites are lost sites year. If you own or manage a Local Wildlife Site, we offer free survey and management advice.
We recognise the difficulties in managing these sites solely for their wildlife interest so look for innovative solutions where possible. We also provide advice and assistance in finding funding to help manage sites. If you own some land that you think might qualify as a Local Wildlife Site, please contact the Local Wildlife Sites Coordinator sssi arrange a survey and assessment.
Langdon Ridge is easily accessible from Basildon, and the newly-notified Site of Special Scientific Interest SSSI will help ensure it remains both a thriving place for nature, and a valuable green space enjoyed by future generations.
Around hectares of land across parts of the town and surrounding areas has received legal protection for its nationally significant array of grassland, woodlands, rare plants and insects.
The new designation will ensure stronger protection for features such as wildflower rich grasslands, woodland habitats, as well as rare species such as the Deptford Pink and the Grizzled Skipper butterfly. Natural England is here to make sure that people and nature can thrive together. I am delighted therefore that we have been able to extend the protection for this nationally important network of sites around Basildon which as well as being of huge value for wildlife is a much loved and much used open space for local people.
The support from our partners and stakeholders across the area has been vital to our work and we look forward to continuing to work with them. This is an ideal area for people to make a commitment to get involved with the Year of Green Action, with lots of opportunity to engage with, enjoy and help protect nature close to where they live. Habitat fragmentation is a key conservation challenge, and a key element of this designation is that it looks at how species use the landscape as a whole.
The SSSI will ensure protection for not only the existing high quality environments, but also the interconnecting green corridors of habitat that enable species to move between locations. The Natural England Board has confirmed the designation of the site after considering responses to a four-month long consultation.
Langdon Ridge is an amazing wildlife-rich landscape within 25 miles of central London that fully deserves SSSI status. It is particularly extraordinary because it is a large, hectare mosaic of species rich grassland and woodland right on the edge of Basildon, providing a brilliant opportunity for local residents to enjoy nature right on their doorstep.
The designation will ensure that local communities continue to have this amazing natural resource available as part of their daily lives.
Research has shown how the natural environment provides society with benefits in terms of helping mental and physical health, offering informal recreation opportunities, inspiration for art, and helping people feel connected with their local area. Natural England has worked closely with partners such as Essex Wildlife Trust, Thurrock and Basildon Councils, and Basildon Natural History Society to gather the evidence needed to proceed with this designation.
This partnership approach will continue in the coming months, as we work together to build a long term vision for a wildlife-rich, accessible environment around Basildon. Skip to main content. Retrieved 7 December Archived from the original on 8 August Retrieved 28 May Retrieved 8 June Abingdon, UK: Routledge. Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 12 June Department of Trade and Industry.
Archived PDF from the original on 9 December Archived PDF from the original on 15 March Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 19 June Archived PDF from the original on 10 December Retrieved 8 December Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original on 3 June Retrieved 19 May Archived from the original on 22 December Archived from the original PDF on 22 December Retrieved 12 December Retrieved 13 December National Trust.
Retrieved 25 April Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 26 February Archived from the original PDF on 24 October Retrieved 17 January Retrieved 23 December Historic England. Archived from the original on 24 December Archived from the original on 23 December Archived from the original PDF on 23 December Retrieved 22 December Archived from the original PDF on 13 August Retrieved 26 June Archived from the original on 31 May Archived from the original on 6 August Archived from the original on 11 September Retrieved 17 July Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 27 February Healthy Life Essex.
Archived from the original PDF on 14 January Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 31 March Retrieved 31 December Archived from the original on 1 April Retrieved 1 January A Nature Conservation Review.
Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 27 May Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 24 November Archived from the original on Archived from the original on 11 August Retrieved 2 January Archived from the original on 15 January The Essex Field Club. Archived from the original on 17 August Retrieved 4 July Archived from the original on 29 May Retrieved 29 May Archived from the original on 11 June Retrieved 2 August Herts and Middlesex Wildlife Trust.
Archived from the original on 14 September Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 16 March The Ramsar Convention Secretariat.
Archived from the original on 20 August Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 5 August Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 1 May Essex Field Club.
Archived from the original on 29 June Retrieved 6 August Archived from the original on 14 October Archived from the original on 19 August Archived PDF from the original on Woodland Trust. Archived from the original on 9 August Archived from the original PDF on 5 October Archived from the original on 19 June Retrieved 7 August Archived from the original on 2 April Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 8 August Archived from the original on 26 October Archived PDF from the original on 20 March Retrieved 3 June Archived from the original on 21 September Archived PDF from the original on 4 June Archived from the original on 20 July Archived from the original on 9 June Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 21 December Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Essex.
This site exposes a number of interglacials , including one dated to the Hoxnian Stage around , years ago, and some much older. It also has a horizon with very rare plant micro-fossils dating to a cold period. The site is unimproved grassland which is used for hay growing, with some areas calcareous and others neutral. It is the only known example of grassland on chalky boulder clay in north-west Essex. Flora includes salad burnet , downy oat-grass and fen bedstraw.
The site is composed of three unimproved meadows which have a wide variety of herbs. Flowers include the green-winged orchid and yellow rattle , which are rare in Essex. There is also a small pond and scattered scrub. EWT  . The site is coppice woodland on chalky boulder clay. There is a variety of woodlands types, such as wet ash and maple, and acid birch, ash and lime.
The ground flora includes species which are locally uncommon, including greater butterfly-orchid and bird's-nest orchid. The marshes and mudflats have internationally important numbers of wildfowl and waders, including the dark-bellied brent goose , grey plover , redshank and knot.
Some areas are very important for scarce invertebrates, such as white-letter hairstreak and marbled white butterflies. The estuary has internationally important numbers of wintering dark-bellied brent geese , ringed plover and dunlin , and nationally important numbers of nine species. NT . This site has a variety of heath, woodland and marsh habitats, and four of the woodland types are unusual in Britain.
The woodlands have diverse bird species, and two unusual moths, the silver barred and rosy marbled , have been recorded on the common.
This part of the website lists sites best places in the Essex to find out about the Earth's distant past geology and palaeontology and also the landscape processses going on today geomorphology.
Sites of particular conservation value or scientific interest are designated either as Sites of Special Scientific Interest or as Local Geological Sites.
Essex currently has 26 SSSIs of importance for their geology or geomorphology, the most well-known being the cliffs at Walton-on-the-Naze, one of sssi finest geological sites in Britain. They are the geological equivalent of Local Wildlife Sites. GeoEssex is working to identify these sites but this work is not complete and is ongoing.
The best sites Below is a list of 50 sites that have been selected to represent the best and sites interesting aspects of Essex geology and landscape.
Most are publicly accessible. Not all sites have something to see; many are solely of historical interest sites a record of an important or interesting discovery. Some sites are not strictly geological but have a geological connection. Click here for a map of Essex showing the districts. Alphamstone Churchyard TL Braintree district There are 11 sarsen stones here, eight in the churchyard, two by the road and one in the church.
There are probably more buried in the ground. The stones are erratic boulders that have been gathered here by man in the distant past from nearby fields for religous or ceremonial reasons.
A unique site. A cliff on the outer bend of the River Crouch near Burnham-on-Crouch is being eroded sssi London Clay fossils can be found in the beach shingle below the cliff. The site has yielded fossil bird bones including two type specimens and is of considerable value in expanding the limited knowledge of small Eocene essex species and avian evolution. The site also yields numerous fossil fish remains mostly as shark teeth. It is the type locality for several fish species.
There has been extensive collecting since the site was first discovered in the early s and it has yielded a remarkable fossil fauna. Finding fossils at Althorne today, however, requires good eyesight and a lot of patience. Transparent crystals of selenite a variety of gypsum can also be found. The war memorial in St. It is not known where this was obtained but it is a fine and unusual use for sssi erratic boulder. This nodule was no doubt collected locally and was part of the natural history collection acquired by the fourth Lord Braybrooke in the 19th century.
It was moved from its previous position on the Tea House Bridge essex to deter vandalism. The circular brick limekiln at Beaumont Quay is the only complete limekiln surviving in Essex. The quay was built in essex the limekiln was almost certainly added later, probably in It was disused by the early s.
Limekilns were usually built in chalk quarries to be close to the raw material used for making lime but in coastal areas more permanent and substantial kilns were built in harbours and essex where chalk and coal for the kiln could be brought in by seaOwned by Essex County Council and publicly accessible.
An isolated patch, or outlier, of Red Crag, about a quarter of a square mile in size, caps the top of the hill occupied by Beaumont Hall. It is one of the few fragments of a once continuous deposit of Red Crag across north Essex that has been almost entirely destroyed by erosion. The Red Crag in this part of Essex consists of loose sand with abundant fossil shells and the fossils of other marine animals that lived in the Red Crag Sea that existed about 2 million years ago.
Fossil shells are visible on footpaths and in stream banks hereabouts. The geologist John Brown published a list of fossils from here in Private land. Access only available on public footpaths. To the south a spread of glacial gravel is dissected by several streams, which have cut through the Claygate Beds exposing the underlying London Clay.
Glacial gravel is well exposed in a gravel cliff at the sssi end of the park with a signboard explaining the geology. A smaller exposure of glacial gravel exists in a gravel pit at Scrub Hill on Little Warley Common to the west. A geological trail guide is being drafted. The pebble assemblage indicates that it was deposited by a northward-flowing river flowing from what is now the Weald northwards across East London to join the Thames, which at that time flowed across north Essex sssi Suffolk.
The gravel may be overyears ago. There are exposures of gravel in the banks of ponds. Spectacular cliffs of Upper Chalk can be seen which are a legacy of quarrying for the Portland Cement industry. There are also several fine sarsen stones around the rim of Grays Gorge. The visitor centre has fine views overlooking Warren Gorge.
A geological trail guide essex available. Clavering Swallow Hole TL Sites district A swallow hole is essex depression in the ground in a limestone or chalk area into which a stream disappears underground. Sssi example currently takes the form of a two metre wide solution hole in the chalk bedrock of the river. It is the route by which water flows into the chalk aquifer. Discovered by the Environment Agency. It is choked with essex and usually not visible due to the growth of vegetation. Access to the stream bed is hazardous.
View from the road only. Remains of pumping station. Spring originates from the spring line sites runs right around Danbury Hill from between the Danbury Gravel and the London Clay. Historically important as the water supply for the area. Land owned by the National Trust. Danbury Common Gravel Pits TL and TL Chelmsford district Deep and extensive disused and overgrown gravel pits on east and west sides of Danbury Common two separate patches of gravel which provide visible sections through the Danbury Gravels - gravel that accumulated on the ice margin, where its southward progress was prevented by essex London Clay high ground.
Owned by the National Trust. Eastern pits heavily used by mountain bikers. The higher parts of the western pits are very sandy and used by badgers. Organic sediments at beach level sometimes yield fossils, including mammal bones, that indicate that they were deposited during an interglacial period.
Also exposed on the foreshore are deposits from a more recent interglacial period, the Ipswichian interglacialyears oldand known as the 'hippo site' due to the presence of hippopotamus bones. Steep banks with some Anglian Till Chalky boulder clay visible in tree roots. This pit is the only place in Essex on public land where direct evidence of the presence of an ice sheet can be seen.
The pit is in the Lower Forest part of Epping Forest. Layby for parking nearby. Blackweir Pond TQ Epping Forest district As the glaciers at the edge of the Anglian ice sheet slowly melted they dumped great quantities of glacial moraine, at their margins. These mounds are called kames, or more accurately kame terraces, and one of these is preserved as a patch of gravel nearly a kilometre long that follows the contour of the valley south of Great Monk Wood.
Blackweir pond is one of the former gravel pits that worked this gravel. Blackweir Pond has been described as the most picturesque of all the Epping Forest ponds. Loughton Brook Meanders Local Geological site TQ Epping Forest district Meanders are a common feature of lowland rivers but usually they are large making it difficult to appreciate them from ground level. Loughton Brook has a fine group of small-scale, slightly incised meanders which are easy to sites and accessible to visitors.
The site is in a woodland sssi on the edge of Epping Forest within walking distance of Loughton town centre. Finchingfield Boulder TL Braintree district. A splendid boulder of basalt 85 centimetres nearly 3 feet long lies by the roadside on the left hand side a few metres from the village green on the road north out of the village. This boulder was probably transported south from Northumberland or Scotland by the Anglian ice sites. Large erratic boulders of basalt are very rare in Essex.
Fingringhoe Wick was a working gravel quarry sites Visible in many places are mounds and banks of glacial sand and gravel known locally as Upper St. Osyth Sites which was deposited someyears ago by torrents of meltwater issuing from the Anglian ice sheet, the edge of which was then situated only 12 kilometres west of here. The gravel therefore provides evidence of an exceptionally cold period of essex Ice Age.
A permanent vertical section through the gravel exists sssi the centre of the reserve. The church is unusual as it is largely constructed of ferricrete, an iron-cemented gravel that was quarried locally.
Ferricrete is one of the few building stones native to Essex. Flitch Way Ballast Pit and Tufa Springs TL Uttlesford district An old overgrown railway ballast pit adjacent to the railway essex, which is now the route of the Flitch way footpath. The adjacent cutting provides limited exposures of Kesgrave Sssi and Gravels overlain, or butting up against, Anglian till. No current visible exposure of gravel but there are level areas of gravel present beneath scrub that could easily be cleared to reveal a wide variety of rock types.
These are mostly cobbles and boulders left behind by the quarry operations. There is an excellent sssi here to promote geology by sites these areas of sssi and allowing visitors to identify rock types and speculate on how they got here.
The Cooks Green Gravel is aboutyears old. Steep banks with minor gravel exposures. This is borne out by the abundance of far-travelled erratic pebbles including some exotic rock typeswhich are readily available for collecting in the grassy banks. Low cliffs of brickearth can be seen adjacent to footpaths in this pit which is important for its wildlife. Loess is a fine silt which originated as a wind-blown aeolian dust carried great distances from cold, dry land close to an ice sheet to settle and be compacted to form a sedimentary rock.
It was probably deposited during the most essex glaciation of Britain at least 20, years ago although sites is very difficult to date and some may be older. The severe effects on the castle can be clearly seen. The exposure of Bagshot Sand created in has been obscured by the Olympic cycle track but a new exposure is planned.
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Benfleet and Southend Marshes SSSI, SSSI, ESSEX, View map · View details. Blackwater Estuary (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 4) Ramsar, Ramsar. SUMMARY: SSSI Name: Colne Estuary SSSI, View map. County: ESSEX. Districts: COLCHESTER, TENDRING. Other designations: Other overlapping.
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