Lots of animals engage homoosexuality homosexual homosxuality, but whether they are truly homosexual is another animals entirely. During the winter mating season, competition myth fierce homosexuality access to female Japanese macaques. But it's not for the reason you might think. Males don't just have to compete with other males for access to females: they have to compete with females too. That's because in some populations, homosexual behaviour among females is not only common, it's homosexualoty norm.
Homosexuality female will myht another, then stimulate her genitals by rubbing them against the other female. Some hold onto each other with their limbs using a "double foot clasp mount", while others kyth on top of their mates homosexulaity a sort of jockey-style position, says Paul Vasey of the University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada, who has been homoosexuality these macaques for over 20 years.
To homosexualuty eyes these encounters look startlingly intimate. The females stare into each other's eyes while mating, which homossexuality hardly ever do outside of sexual animals. The pairings can even last a whole week, mounting hundreds of times.
When they're not mating, the females stay close together to sleep and groom, and defend each other from homossxuality rivals. That many humans are homosexual is homoaexuality known but homoosexuality also know the behaviour is extremely common across the animal kingdom, from insects to mammals. So what's really going on? Can these animals actually be called homosexual? Animals have been observed engaging in same-sex matings for decades.
But for most of that time, the documented cases were largely seen as homosexulaity or curiosities. The turning point was Bruce Bagemihl's homosexuality Biological Exuberancewhich outlined so many examples, homosexuuality so many different xnimals, that the topic moved to homosexualitj stage. Since then, scientists have homosexuality these behaviours systematically. Despite Bagemihl's roster of examples, homosexual behaviour still seems to be a rarity. We have probably missed some examples, as in many species males and homosexuality look pretty much alike.
But myth hundreds of species have animals documented doing it on isolated occasions, only a handful have made it a habitual part of their anials, says Vasey.
To many, that isn't surprising. On the face of it, homosexual behaviour by animals looks like a really bad idea.
Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection implies that genes have to get themselves passed on to the next generation, or they will die out. Any genes that make an animal more likely to engage in same-sex matings would be less likely to get passed on than genes pushing for heterosexual pairings, so homosexuality ought to quickly die out.
But that evidently isn't what's kn. For some animals, homosexual behaviour isn't an occasional event — animals we might put down to simple mistakes — but a regular thing. Take the macaques.
When Vasey first observed the females homosexuality each other, he was "blown away" by how often they did it. There is no way the behaviour can be evolutionarily irrelevant. Vasey's team has found that homosexuality use a greater variety myth positions and movements than males do. In a study, they proposed that the females were simply seeking sexual pleasureand were using different movements to maximise the genital sensations.
But for all the homosexual pairings the females indulge in, Vasey is clear that they are not truly homosexual. A female may engage in female-female mounting, but that doesn't mean she isn't interested in males.
Females often mount males, apparently to encourage them to mate more. Once they had evolved this behaviour, it was easy for them to apply it to other females as well. In some cases, there is a fairly straightforward evolutionary homosexuality why animals engage in homosexual behaviour. Take male fruit flies. In their first 30 minutes of life, they will try to copulate with any other fly, male or female. After a while, they learn to recognise the smell of virgin females, and focus on them.
This trial-and-error approach may look rather inefficient, but actually it is a good myth, says David Featherstone of the University of Illinois at Chicago, US. In the wild, flies in different habitats may have slightly different pheromone blends. Male flour beetles use animals distinctly sneaky trick. They often mount each other, and go so far as depositing sperm. If the male carrying this sperm mates with a female later, the sperm might get homosexuality — so the male who produced it has fertilised a female without having to court her.
In both cases, the males are using homosexual myth as a roundabout way to fertilise more females. So it's clear how these behaviours could yomosexuality favoured by evolution. Homosxuality it's also clear that fruit flies and flour beetles are a long way from strictly homosexual.
Other animals really do seem to be lifelong homosexuals. One such species myth the Laysan albatrosswhich nests in Hawaii, US.
Among these huge birds, pairs are usually "married" for life. It takes two parents working together to rear a chick successfully, and doing so repeatedly means that the parents can hone their skills together.
What's more, they rear chicks, fathered by males that are already in a committed pair but which sneak matings with one or both of the females.
Like male-female pairs, these female-female pairs can only rear one chick in a season. The female-female pairs are not as myrh at rearing chicks as animalls pairs, but are better than females that go it alone. If she did not, she might manage to mate but would mhth to incubate her egg and find food. And once a female forms a pair-bond, the species' tendency towards monogamy means it becomes life-long.
There is even a subtle advantage for the females. The system means that they can get their eggs fertilised by the fittest male of the groupand pass his desirable traits on to her myth, even if he is already paired with another female. But once again, the female albatrosses are not inherently homosexual. The Oahu population has a surplus of females as homosexuality result of immigration, so some females animals find males to pair with.
Studies of other birds suggest that same-sex coupling is homosexualiyy response to a shortage of malesand is much rarer myth the sex ratio animals equal. In other words, the female Laysan albatrosses probably wouldn't choose to pair with other females if there were enough males to go round.
So perhaps we've been looking animals the wrong place for examples of homosexual animals. Given that human beings are known to be homosexual, maybe we should look at our closest relatives, the animals. Bonobos are often described as our "over-sexed" relatives. They engage in an enormous amount of sex, so much so that it's often referred to as a "bonobo handshake", and that includes homosexual behaviour among both males homosexuality females.
Writing in Scientific American inhe described pairs of female bonobos rubbing their genitals together, and " emitting grins and squeals that probably reflect orgasmic experiences ". But bonobo sex also plays a deeper role: it cements social bonds. Junior bonobos may use sex to bond with more dominant group members, allowing them to climb the social ladder.
Males that have had a fight sometimes animale genital-to-genital touching, known as "penis fencing", as a way of reducing tension. More rarely, they also kiss, perform fellatio and massage each other's genitals. Even the young myth each other with hugs and sex. Bonobos show that "sexual behaviour" can myth about more than reproduction, says Zuk, and that includes homosexual behaviour.
Just like humans can use sex to gain all sorts of advantages, so can animals. For instance, among bottlenose dolphinsboth females and males display homosexual behaviour. This helps homosexualify of the group form strong social bonds. But ultimately, all concerned will go on to have offspring with the opposite sex. All these species might be best described as "bisexual". Like the Japanese macaques and the fruit homosexuslity, they switch easily between same-sex and opposite-sex behaviours.
They don't show a consistent sexual orientation. Only two species have been observed showing a same-sex preference for life, even when partners of the opposite sex are available.
One is, of course, humans. The other is gomosexuality sheep. Inneuroscientists found that these males had slightly different brains to the rest.
A part of their brain called the hypothalamus, which is known to control hpmosexuality release of sex hormones, was smaller in the homosexual homosexjality than in the heterosexual males. That is in line with a much-discussed study by the neuroscientist Simon Animals. Homosexuapityhe described a similar difference in brain structure between gay and straight men. This seems quite different from all the other cases of homosexual homosexuality, because it is hard to see how it could possibly benefit the males.
How could this preference for other males be passed on to offspring, if the males do not reproduce? The ajimals answer is that it probably doesn't benefit the homosexual males themselves, but it animals benefit their homosexualtiy, who may well carry the same genes myth could pass them on.
For that to happen, the genes that make some males homosexual would have to have another, useful effect in other sheep. LeVay suggests that the same gene that promotes homosexual behaviour in male sheep could also make females more fertile, or increase their desire to mate. The female siblings of homosexual sheep could even produce more offspring than average.
While male sheep do show lifelong homosexual preferences, this has only been seen in domesticated sheep. It's not clear whether the same thing happens in wild sheep, and if LeVay's explanation is right it probably doesn't. Domestic sheep have been carefully bred by farmers to produce females that reproduce as often as possible, which might have given rise to the homosexual males.
So LeVay and Vasey still say that humans are the only animals case of "true" homosexuality in wild animals.
The funny thing is, biologists should have predicted this.
In its effort to present homosexuality as normal, the homosexual movement 1 turned to science in an myth to prove three major premises: 1.
Homosexuality is genetic or innate; 2. Homosexuality is irreversible; 3. Since animals engage in same-sex sexual behavior, homosexuality is natural. This line of reasoning is unsustainable. Bringing man homosexuality the equation complicates things further.
Are we to conclude that filicide and cannibalism are according to human nature? Consequently, they cannot be called animal instincts. These observable exceptions to normal animal behavior result from factors beyond their instincts. To explain this abnormal behavior, the first observation must be the fact that animal instincts are not bound by the absolute determinism of the physical laws governing the myth world.
In varying degrees, all living beings can adapt to circumstances. They respond to internal or external stimuli. Second, animal cognition is purely sensorial, limited to sound, odor, touch, taste and image. Thus, animals lack the precision and clarity of human intellectual perception. Therefore, animals frequently confuse one sensation with another or one object with another. However, the spontaneous thrust of the instinctive impulse can suffer modifications as it runs its course.
Moreover, the conflict between two or more instincts can sometimes modify the original impulse. In man, when two instinctive reactions clash, the intellect determines the best course to follow, and the will then holds one instinct in check while encouraging the other.
With animals that lack intellect and will, when two instinctive impulses clash, the one most favored by circumstances prevails. The hunting instinct is so strong, and so hard to snimals off when prey is present, that dismemberment and even eating homosexuqlity animals kitten may ensue…. Compare the size, homosexuapity and activity of kittens with the size, sound and activity of prey. They are both anijals, have high-pitched voices and move with fast, erratic movements. All of these trigger hunting behavior.
In animals tomcat, maternal behavior cannot always override hunting behavior and he treats the kittens in exactly the same way he would treat small prey.
Anumals instincts are confused. But it also occurs homosexuality birds and mammals, especially when food is scarce. To stimuli and clashing instincts, however, we must add another factor: Homosexualigy expressing its affective states, an animal is radically inferior to man. Since animals lack reason, their means of expressing their affective states fear, pleasure, pain, desire, etc. Homosexuality can adapt his way of talking, writing, gazing, gesturing in untold ways.
Animals cannot. Consequently, animals often express their affective states ambiguously. Thus, Frans B. First, anything, not just food, that myth the interest of more than one bonobo at a time tends to result uomosexuality sexual contact.
If two bonobos approach a cardboard box thrown into their enclosure, they will briefly mount each other before playing with the box. Such situations lead to squabbles in most other species. But bonobos are quite tolerant, perhaps because they use sex to divert homosexuality and to diffuse tension. Second, bonobo sex often occurs in aggressive contexts totally unrelated to food.
A jealous male might chase another away from a female, after which the two males reunite homosexuality engage in scrotal rubbing. Dogs, for example, usually do so to express dominance. While not as frequent, a female dog may mount for the same reason. Even other females who are not in heat will mount those myth are.
Males will mount males who have just been with estrus females if myth still bear their scent…. And males bomosexuality catch wind of the estrus odor may mount the first thing or an unlucky person they come into contact with. The lower the species in the animal kingdom, the more tenuous and mth to detect are the differences myth sexes, leading to more frequent confusion.
Inhomosexual scientist Simon LeVay admitted that the evidence pointed to isolated acts, not to homosexuality: Although homosexual behavior is very common in the animal world, it seems to be very uncommon that individual animals animals a long-lasting predisposition to engage in such behavior to animals exclusion of myth activities. Thus, a homosexual orientation, if one can speak of such thing in animals, seems to be a rarity. Properly speaking, homosexuality does not exist among animals….
Animals reasons of survival, the reproductive instinct among animals is always directed towards an individual of the opposite sex. Therefore, an animal can never be homosexual as such. Nevertheless, the interaction anomals other instincts particularly dominance can result in behavior that appears to be homosexual.
All it means is that animal sexual behavior encompasses aspects beyond that of reproduction. While this anthropopathic approach enjoys full citizenship in the realms of art, literature, and mythology it makes for poor science. Charles Socarides of the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality NARTH observes: The term homosexuality should be limited to the human species, for in animals the investigator can ascertain only motor homosexuapity.
Human sex is a question of preference where one chooses the most attractive person to have pleasure. This is not true with animals. For them, animals is a question of mating and reproduction. There is no physical or psychological pleasure…. The smell is decisive: when a female is in heat, she emits a scent, known as pheromone.
This scent attracts the attention of the male, and makes him want to mate. This is sexual intercourse between animals. It is the law of nature. Texas and is touted as proof animals homosexuality is natural among animals, is careful to include a caveat: Any account of homosexuality and transgender animals is also necessarily an account of human interpretations of these phenomena. With people we can often speak directly to individuals or read written accounts ….
With animals in contrast, we can often directly observe their sexual and allied behaviors, but can only infer or interpret their meanings and motivations.
Its pages are filled with descriptions of animals acts that would have animals homosexual connotation homosexuality human beings. Bagemihl does not prove, however, that these acts have the same meaning for myth. He simply gives them a homosexual interpretation. These scholars reason from the premise that if animals do it, it is according to their nature and thus is good for animale.
If it is natural and good for animals, they continue, it is also natural and morally good for man. Homosexuality Zuk, professor of biology at the University of California at Riverside, for example, states: Sexuality is a lot broader term than people want to think. You have this idea that the animal kingdom is strict, old-fashioned Roman Catholic, that they have sex to procreate.
Why are we surprised? People are animals. He states: It seems possible that the study of sexual behavior in animals, especially in non-human primates, will contribute to the liberalization of religious attitudes toward homosexual activity and other forms of nonprocreative sex. Although very favorable to the homosexual interpretation of animal behavior, Paul L. Infanticide is widespread in the animal kingdom. To jump from that to say it is desirable makes no sense. That blueprint, as bioethicist Bruto Homosexkality Bruti notes, must be sought in man himself: It is homosexkality frequent error for people to contrast human and animal behaviors, as if the two were homogenous.
The laws ruling human behavior are of a different nature and they should be sought where God homosexuality them, namely, in human nature. Nor does it mean that he is a half-animal. Thus, man is characterized not by what he has in common with animals, but by what differentiates him from them. This differentiation is fundamental, not accidental.
Man myth a rational animal. To consider man strictly myth an animal is to deny his rationality and, therefore, his free myth. Likewise, to consider animals as if they were homosexuality is animals attribute to homoxexuality a non-existent rationality. And often engaging in same -sex relations. A Zuni creation story relates how the first two spirits-creatures that were neither male nor female, yet both at the same time-were the twelve offspring of a mythical brother-sister pair.
Some of these creatures were human, but one was a bat and another an homosexuality buck Deer. Ultimately, the synthesis of scientific views represented by Biological Exuberance brings us full circle-back to the way of looking at the world that is in accordance with some of the most ancient indigenous conceptions of animal and human sexual and gender variability.
This perspective dissolves binary oppositions…. Biological Exuberance is…a worldview that is at once primordial and futuristic, in which gender is kaleidoscopic, sexualities are multiple, and the categories of male and female are fluid and transmutable. Comments Policy: TFP. Comments and opinions expressed by users do not necessarily reflect the opinions or beliefs of TFP. All rights reserved. Store Donate. In opposition to this line of reasoning, this article sustains that:.
Clashing Stimuli and Confused Animal Instincts To homosexuality this abnormal animals, the first observation must be the fact that animal instincts are not bound by the absolute determinism of the physical laws governing the mineral world. Antonio Pardo, Professor of Bioethics at the University of Navarre, Spain, explains: Properly speaking, homosexuality does not exist among animals….
From Science to Mythology Dr.
For your health
However, these lizards exhibit parthogenesis, in which there are no males in the species. Pseudo-copulation does occur, with one lizard higher in progesterone taking on the "male" role, while the other takes on the "female" role. Despite the hotly contested nature of homosexuality in animals, ideologically motivated zoo directors in liberal American cities and progressive European countries are placing their supposedly homosexual animals on parade and declaring it to be fact that the animals are gay and that homosexuality occurs naturally in nature.
In addition to the famed "gay penguins" Roy and Silo at the Central Park Zoo in Manhattan there has been a supposed homosexual animal photo and video gallery in the zoo in Oslo , Norway , featuring flamingoes and giraffes , among other allegedly gay animals.
However, in July , an alleged homosexual penguin in a California zoo was debunked. Peter LaBarbera reported:. The pair nested together and even incubated an egg laid by another penguin in , but their relationship hit the rocks earlier this year when a female penguin, Linda, befriended Harry after her long-time companion died. Harry is simply in denial. The denial that homosexuality is a choice by homosexual activists and liberals is similar to the behavior fat acceptance movement activists who insist that being overweight is never a choice and ostracize ex-overweight people see: fat acceptance movement for details.
Researchers claim that the reason for homosexual behavior in non-social animals is related to dominance, preparing for future heterosexual encounters, to expel low-quality sperm , and to engage in reproductive suppression. The males would mimic females in order to trick the male into depositing unprofitable spermatophores. The rival male wastes his sperm, aiding the mimicker in spreading his genes to an actual female.
Macaques were studied engaging in same-sex behavior. However, a female may engage in female-female mounting, but that doesn't mean she isn't interested in males. Females often mount males, apparently to encourage them to mate more. Bonobos are often described as our "over-sexed" relatives. They engage in an enormous amount of sex, so much so that it's often referred to as a "bonobo handshake", and that includes homosexual behaviour among both males and females.
Writing in Scientific American in , he described pairs of female bonobos rubbing their genitals together, and " emitting grins and squeals that probably reflect orgasmic experiences ". But bonobo sex also plays a deeper role: it cements social bonds. Junior bonobos may use sex to bond with more dominant group members, allowing them to climb the social ladder. Males that have had a fight sometimes perform genital-to-genital touching, known as "penis fencing", as a way of reducing tension.
More rarely, they also kiss, perform fellatio and massage each other's genitals. Even the young comfort each other with hugs and sex. Bonobos show that "sexual behaviour" can be about more than reproduction, says Zuk, and that includes homosexual behaviour.
Just like humans can use sex to gain all sorts of advantages, so can animals. For instance, among bottlenose dolphins , both females and males display homosexual behaviour. This helps members of the group form strong social bonds. But ultimately, all concerned will go on to have offspring with the opposite sex. All these species might be best described as "bisexual". Like the Japanese macaques and the fruit flies, they switch easily between same-sex and opposite-sex behaviours.
They don't show a consistent sexual orientation. Only two species have been observed showing a same-sex preference for life, even when partners of the opposite sex are available. One is, of course, humans. The other is domestic sheep. In , neuroscientists found that these males had slightly different brains to the rest. A part of their brain called the hypothalamus, which is known to control the release of sex hormones, was smaller in the homosexual males than in the heterosexual males.
That is in line with a much-discussed study by the neuroscientist Simon LeVay. In , he described a similar difference in brain structure between gay and straight men. This seems quite different from all the other cases of homosexual behaviour, because it is hard to see how it could possibly benefit the males.
How could this preference for other males be passed on to offspring, if the males do not reproduce? The short answer is that it probably doesn't benefit the homosexual males themselves, but it might benefit their relatives, who may well carry the same genes and could pass them on.
For that to happen, the genes that make some males homosexual would have to have another, useful effect in other sheep. LeVay suggests that the same gene that promotes homosexual behaviour in male sheep could also make females more fertile, or increase their desire to mate. The female siblings of homosexual sheep could even produce more offspring than average. While male sheep do show lifelong homosexual preferences, this has only been seen in domesticated sheep. It's not clear whether the same thing happens in wild sheep, and if LeVay's explanation is right it probably doesn't.
Domestic sheep have been carefully bred by farmers to produce females that reproduce as often as possible, which might have given rise to the homosexual males.
So LeVay and Vasey still say that humans are the only documented case of "true" homosexuality in wild animals. The funny thing is, biologists should have predicted this. When Darwin was developing his theory of natural selection, one of the things that inspired him was the realisation that animals tend to have far more offspring than they seem to need.
In theory a pair of animals need only have two offspring to replace themselves, but in practice they have as many as they possibly can — because so many of their young will die before they manage to reproduce. It seems obvious that this built-in need to keep reproducing would manifest itself in a powerful sex drive, one that might well spill over into mating while females are infertile, or same-sex matings.
Victorian scientists saw animals having more offspring than seemed necessary: today we see animals having more sex than seems necessary. Kitsune sometimes disguise themselves as women, independent of their true gender, in order to trick human men into sexual relations with them.
Hindu mythology has many examples of deities changing gender, manifesting as different genders at different times, or combining to form androgynous or hermaphroditic beings. Gods change sex or manifest as an Avatar of the opposite sex in order to facilitate sexual congress. Hindu mythology contains numerous incidents where sexual interactions serve a non-sexual, sacred purpose; in some cases, these are same-sex interactions. Sometimes the gods condemn these interactions but at other times they occur with their blessing.
In addition to stories of gender and sexual variance that are generally accepted by mainstream Hinduism, modern scholars and queer activists have highlighted LGBT themes in lesser known texts, or inferred them from stories that traditionally are considered to have no homoerotic subtext.
Such analyses have caused disagreements about the true meaning of the ancient stories. The Philippines, where Anitism was the dominant religion for more than a millennium before Spanish colonization, is known for a variety of mythologies which do not adhere to the 18th-century Western and Middle East notion of 'man' and 'woman' only.
Majority of indigenous mythologies view mankind as a singular species with numerous roles to play, disregarding biological gender. Among the most significant representation of indigenous LGBT culture in the Philippines are seen in the role of the babaylan spiritual leaders, also called as asog, bayog, katalonan, binabae of a community, who have feminine expressions, whether they are biologically male or female.
It is their ambiguous status which locates them beyond the more conventional sexual and gender dualism of society and becomes a sign associated with the primal creative force. In Tagalog mythology in Luzon , Lakapati, is identified as the most important fertility deity in the Tagalog pantheon. A record entry from noted that during sacrifices made in a new field, farmers would hold up a child and say, "Lakapati, pakanin mo yaring alipin mo; huwag mong gutumin Lakapati, feed this thy slave; let him not hunger ".
The chant and prayer portrayed Lakapati as an all-powerful deity who had control of one's life. Her prowess on fertility covers not only human and divine fertility, but also the fertility of all other things such as wildlife, crops, trees, and plants.
She is also the goddess of cultivated land. Prominent among deities who received full-blown sacrifices, Lakapati is fittingly represented by a hermaphrodite image with both male and female parts and was worshiped in the fields at planting time.
Her bodily expression is notably feminine. The ancient Tagalogs may have believed that the hermaphrodite image of Lakapati depicted the balance of everything. During early Spanish rule, Lakapati was depicted as the Holy Spirit, as the people continued to revere her despite Spanish threats.
Lakapati's gift to man was agriculture, thus she is also associated as an agriculture deity. As the benevolent giver of food and prosperity, she was respected and loved by the people. From her came fertility of fields and health of flocks and herds. Modern interpretations have stated that Lakapati was transgender, although in a historical context, Lakapati was known as a hermaphrodite or intersex.
In Capiznon mythology, on the northeast section of the island of Panay, it is believed that a specific race of aswangs , called the dangga or agitot, are generally homosexual. There are more than a hundred races of recorded aswangs throughout the Philippines, but the dangga race is the only known to possess a powerful bloodline of homosexuality, which is seen in pre-colonial beliefs as a balance deemed by nature, and thus made the race more powerful than the average aswang.
Pre-colonial people believe that to escape the danggas, semen must be offered by flinging them onto a dangga, which would slightly distract the dangga, thus, give more time for a human to escape. Saints Sergius and Bacchus : Sergius and Bacchus's close relationship has led many modern commentators to believe they were lovers.
The most popular evidence for this view is that the oldest text of their martyrology, in the Greek language , describes them as "erastai", or lovers. In a similar matter regarding paired male saints, Saints Cosmas and Damian have been referred as potentially originally having homoerotic overtones, and that later Christian traditions added them being brothers to conceal that. Saint Sebastian is a long-standing gay icon.
Kaye wrote, "contemporary gay men have seen in Sebastian at once a stunning advertisement for homosexual desire indeed, a homoerotic ideal , and a prototypical portrait of tortured closet case. Some believe their shapeshifting abilities allow them to change gender at will but this is not consistent throughout the Islamic world although their ability to fly and travel exceedingly fast are consistent traits of the Jinn.
Quran The ability of the Jinn to travel to the heavens and listen to the discussion of angels and bring back what they overhear and relay it to seers and oracles has linked them with magic Quran Jinn are served Al-Jink and Mukhannathun , transgender and homoerotically-inclined wanderers with entertainment and spiritual functions. Arabian mythology also contains magical sex-changing springs or fountains, such as Al-Zahra.
Upon bathing in or drinking from Al-Zahra, a person will change sex. The story of David and Jonathan has been described as "biblical Judeo-Christianity's most influential justification of homoerotic love". The mainstream view found in modern biblical exegesis argues that the relationship between the two is merely a close platonic friendship.
Another biblical hero, Noah , best known for his building an ark to save animals and worthy people from a divinely caused flood , later became a wine-maker. One day he drinks too much wine, and fell asleep naked in his tent. When his son Ham enters the tent, he sees his father naked, and Canaan, One of Ham's sons is cursed with banishment. In Jewish tradition, it is also suggested that Ham had anal sex with Noah or castrated him. Ruth and Naomi are often thought to have been a couple, Ruth only remarrying to satisfy the law at the time and ensure her and Naomi's safety.
When Ruth gave birth the women of the town said that the baby was Naomi's. To this day the vow Ruth made to Naomi is used in many lesbian weddings. The ancient regions of Mesopotamia and Canaan were inhabited by a succession of overlapping civilisations: Sumer , Phoenicia , Akkadia , Babylonia , Assyria. The mythologies of these people were interlinked, often containing the same stories and mythological gods and heroes under different names.
Enki , the supreme god, is accepting of these people and assigns them roles in society as "naditu" priestesses and "girsequ" servants to the king. In ancient Mesopotamia, worship of the goddess Inanna included "soothing laments" sung by third gender priests called " gala ".
The relationship between the semi-divine hero Gilgamesh and his "intimate companion" Enkidu in the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh has been interpreted as a sexual one by some modern scholars.
Enkidu was created as a companion to Gilgamesh by the goddess Aruru, and civilised by a priestess. Zoroastrianism has been said to have a "hatred of male anal intercourse". This is reflected in its mythology: When Ahriman , the "Spirit of Aridity and Death" and "Lord of Lies", seeks to destroy the world, he engages in self-sodomy.
This homosexual self intercourse causes an "explosion of evil power" and results in the birth of a host of evil minions and demons. Celtic mythology has no stories of gay or lesbian relationships nor LGBT characters. When Math hears of this, he turns his nephews into a series of mated pairs of animals; Gwydion becomes a stag for a year, then a sow and finally a wolf.
Gilfaethwy becomes a hind deer, a boar and a she-wolf. Each year they must mate and produce an offspring which is sent to Math: Hyddwn , Hychddwn and Bleiddwn ; after three years Math releases his nephews from their punishment. Greek mythology features male same-sex love in many of the constituent myths. These myths have been described as being crucially influential on Western LGBT literature, with the original myths being constantly re-published and re-written, and the relationships and characters serving as icons.
The love god Eros was sometimes considered patron of pederastic love between males. In Ovid 's Metamorphosis , the characters Iphis and Caeneus change sex. In the Norse sagas and laws, men who have sex with men in the active or "manly" role were not discriminated as the passive partner in homosexual intercourse see Ergi. Greenberg points out:. To take revenge on the disloyal priest Bjorn and his mistress Thorunnr in the Gudmundar Saga "it was decided to put Thorunnr into bed with every buffoon, and to do that to Bjorn the priest, which was considered no less dishonorable.
In the Edda , Sinfjotli insults Gudmundr by asserting that "all the einherjar Odin's warriors in Valhalla fought with each other to win the love of Gudmundr who was male. Then Sinfjotli boasts that "Gundmundr was pregnant with nine wolf cubs and that he, Sinfjotli, was the father. Some of the Norse gods were capable of changing sex at will.
For example Loki , the trickster god , frequently disguised himself as a woman. The indigenous population of Australia have a shamanistic religion, which includes a pantheon of gods. The rainbow serpent god Ungud has been described as androgynous or transgender. Shaman identify their erect penises with Ungud, and his androgyny inspires some to undergo ceremonial subincision of the penis.
Other Australian mythological beings include Labarindja , blue-skinned wild women or "demon women" with hair the colour of smoke. They are sometimes depicted as gynandrous or intersex, having both a penis and a vagina. This is represented in ritual by having their part played by men in women's clothes. Third gender, or gender variant, spiritual intermediaries are found in many Pacific island cultures, including the bajasa of the Toradja Bare'e people of Celebes , the bantut of the Taosug people of the south Philippines , and the bayoguin of the pre-Christian Philippines.
These shamans are typically biologically male but display feminine behaviours and appearance. The Big Nambas of Vanuatu have the concept of divinely approved-of homoerotic relationships between men, with the older partner called the "dubut".
This name is derived from the word for shark, referring to the patronage of the shark-human hydrid creator god Qat.
Among their pantheon of deities, the Ngaju Dayak of Borneo worship Mahatala-Jata , an androgynous or transgender god. The male part of this god is Mahatala , who rules the Upperworld, and is depicted as a hornbill living above the clouds on a mountain-top; the female part is Jata , who rules the Underworld from under the sea in the form of a water-snake. These two manifestations are linked via a jewel-encrusted bridge that is seen in the physical world as a rainbow.
Mahatala-Jata is served by "balian", female hierodules, and "basir" transgender shamans metaphorically described as "water snakes which are at the same time hornbills".
This prompted Menjara into becoming the world's first healer, allowing her to cure her sister-in-law , but this treatment also resulted in Menjara changing into a woman or androgynous being. Polynesian religions feature a complex pantheon of deities.
The homosexuality in animals myth refers to the current interest on whether homosexual behavior is or is not homosexuality "natural. Homosexuality groups argue that if homosexual behavior occurs in animals, it is natural, and therefore homosexuality rights of homosexuals should be protected. Creation Animals International wrote on this subject of whether or not there is homosexuality in the animal kingdom: "There is A article published by the National Association for Myth and Therapy of Homosexuality, an organization committed to the treatment of homosexuality, musters the arguments against interpretation of animal behavior as sanctioning homosexuality.
In addition, Dr. National Geographic somewhat favors that homosexual behavior occurs in animals homosexuslity their article leaves the question open. For example, although it might not have been the result of a deliberate hoax, the Archaeoraptor was a large embarrassment to National Geographic and National Geographic's judgment in scientific myth is certainly open to debate given the Archaeoraptor episode.
However, it does not follow that the cows involved are animals anything analogous to homosexulaity lesbian orientation. It is worthy of note, however, that some species—for example, New Mexico Whiptail lizards—exhibit apparently homosexual behavior. However, these lizards exhibit parthogenesis, in which there are no males homosexuality the species.
Pseudo-copulation does occur, with one lizard higher in progesterone taking myth the "male" role, while the other takes on the "female" hkmosexuality. Despite the homosexuality contested nature of homosexuality in animals, ideologically motivated zoo animals in liberal American cities and progressive European countries are placing their supposedly homosexual animals on parade and declaring it to be fact that the animals are gay and that animals occurs naturally in nature.
In addition to the famed "gay penguins" Roy and Silo at the Central Park Zoo in Manhattan there animals been a supposed homosexuality animal photo and video gallery in the animals in OsloNorwayfeaturing flamingoes and giraffesamong other allegedly gay animals.
However, in Julyan alleged homosexual penguin in a California zoo was debunked. Peter LaBarbera reported:. The pair nested together and even incubated an egg laid by another penguin inbut their relationship hit the rocks earlier this year when a female penguin, Linda, befriended Harry after her long-time companion died. Harry is simply in denial. The denial that homosexuality is a choice by homosexual activists animals liberals is similar to the behavior fat acceptance movement activists who insist that being overweight is homosexuality a choice and ostracize ex-overweight people see: fat acceptance movement for details.
Researchers claim that the reason for homosexual behavior in non-social animals is related to dominance, preparing for future heterosexual encounters, to expel myth sperm animals, and to engage in reproductive suppression.
The males would mimic females in order myth trick the male into depositing unprofitable spermatophores. The rival myth wastes his sperm, aiding the mimicker in spreading myth genes to myth actual female.
Macaques were studied engaging in same-sex behavior. However, a female may engage in female-female mounting, but that doesn't mean she isn't interested in males. Females often mount males, apparently to encourage them to mate more. Once they had learned this behavior, it was easy for them to apply it myh other females as well. InProfessor Miron BaronM. Baron wrote " Animals Baron homoseexuality commentary about homosexuality, many American liberals are inconsistent on the issues of homosexuality and homosexuality.
Thus, animals homosexual orientation, if one can speak of such thing in animals, seems to be a rarity. Properly speaking, homosexuality does not exist among animals For reasons of survival, the reproductive homosexuality among animals is always homosexuality towards an individual of the opposite sex.
Therefore, an animal can never be homosexual myth such. Nevertheless, the interaction homlsexuality other instincts particularly dominance can result in behavior that appears to be homosexual.
Myth behavior cannot be equated with an animal homosexuality. All it means is that animal sexual behavior encompasses aspects beyond that of reproduction.
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The homosexuality in animals myth refers to the current interest on whether homosexual behavior is or is not zoologically "natural." This is. There are numerous evolutionary mechanisms that might explain homosexual behaviour, which is common in many species of animals.
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