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When Gallagher did a thorough search of the area near where the skull was found, he discovered an empty sextant box with two numbers on it and Sextant Observatory numbers assigned when the instruments were box there.

Inan independent researcher determined that the sextant brandis been assigned to the U. Bushnell, which surveyed Gardner Island in Last night, Andrew McKenna called my attention to a report recently posted by a TIGHAR critic that provides what appears to be solid documentation that the sextant box found with the castaway bones in came from the November, USS Brandis survey. The Naval Observatory Number on the box Gallagher found was That N.

The Bushnell survey of Gardner Island was in November Documented fact is always welcome, and this does not effect the other evidence that says the castaway was Earhart. I should sextant have been so dismissive. Please accept my apology. Why would a surveyor do that? Of course, none of this offers an alternative explanation for the castaway, the shoe parts, the corks, and all of the signs of a castaway campsite.

Tofiga said he had seen a sextant box on Vaskess' credenza. Tofiga was not taken into the confidences of the WPHC officers who examined the materials sent to Fiji from Gardner Islandbut it seems sextant likely that the box he saw was the one Gallagher sent to Suva. The sextant box found on Nikumaroro and shipped to Fiji in had two numbers on it: and The first is likely to be the maker's number; the second a number inscribed on the instrument when it was inspected at the U.

Naval Observatory. Fred Noonan loaned brandis naval sextant to a student brandis his prior to the fatal flight. That sextant box is extant and also has two numbers handwritten on the bottom sextant it: and But the sextant inside the box is a Ludolph with a different serial number. As indicated brandis the first section of this article, we now know that is unquestionably a Naval Observatory number and that the sextant with that number was assigned to the U.

The National Museum of Naval Aviation has a sextant box with "dovetailed corners, the number handwritten on the front, and box numbers and handwritten on the bottom.

Cluthe, a retired Pan Am captain, who said that he had borrowed the Ludolph sextant from Fred Noonan. This chart is organized in the order of the Navy number given to the instruments by the Naval Observatory when they were sent there for calibration.

Sextant entries are theoretical; the rest are actual pairs of numbers obtained from various sources. In sextant engraving on the sextants, there is a symbol for the Naval Observatory between "U. Navy" and the number issued by the Naval Observatory. The symbol is an "N" superimposed on a square "O". The symbol is relatively clear in this photograph. Most of this information has come from the thread in the Forum entitled "Can you add to the list of sextant numbers?

There seems to be some correlation brandis the dates of calibration by the Naval Observatory and the number given to the sextant by the Observatory. The numbers issued in seem to be in ascending order by date, but they are out of sequence compared to the rest of the table.

With the numbers removed, most of the rest of the numbers are in ascending order by date. Two of those sextants and are bubble mods for the Navy brandis flight in May of that year. Jump to: navigationsearch. Click on the sort symbol next to or under the headings to sort on the values in that column. Maker Maker No. Navy No. Inspection date Comments Bubble N. Brandis theoretical Pensacola? Class: H. Unusual inlaid U. Unusual engraved brass plaque on top. Brandis Dovetail joints on box.

Yes, on brass plaque. Class: survey. Engraved in two places on instrument. Punch-stamped twice on hingeline of box. Class: Survey. WS Brandis ebay. WB Brandis ebay; In box for box Manufactured ? Maker number and NO number on instrument. WB Brandis in box forsextant is stamped in ink above right hinge. We got the two numbers from the Box "Bones File. Cotts no In Box for Brandis WB Brandis ebay.

Inside edge: pencil serial ; Brandis stamp: Not visible on photos of instrument. Brandis sextant only ebay no yes Brandis ebay no box. In box for NO etched on arc. Brandis on the sextant and the inspection certificate. Serial number is stenciled on the box. These two numbers are on box collimation certificate. They have not been cross-checked with the instrument in the box. Brandis U. David White Co. Other numbers and signs written on the top of the box: sextant and "R1" on top.

Box number brandis the inspection certificate. So there is quite a discrepancy! WB Brandis ebay no Appears to be In box for Brandis inked on hingeline. A note made in pen on the margin of the N. Gillespie : "Interesting that the box has no stenciled serial number or stamped-in N. Apparently, at some point, they stopped doing that.

Brandis ebay; 7. Holds Brandis In display case from USS Hancock. Brandis Smithsonian ; offered for sale on ebay in Identified as Brandis Curator confirms brandis is The box is for Brandis Brandis Last digit in inspection year box ? Mergenthaler Only the box; ebay. Navy on one end of box " - USN - " hand-engraved; in box with die-punched on it die-punched not inked on wood.

Because of the two different kinds of numbers, I have entered this sextant number twice in the table. There does not seem to be any Navy number or collimation certificate. The box has "dovetail joints. Brandis none Smithsonian yes Brandis ?

Large "" stenciled in gold on box. Brandis ? None on box nor on Navy collation certificate. WS Brandis ebay no no. WS Brandis ? Brandis Live Auctioneers. Maker's No. Class: Aviation.

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Supporting Material Contact. They took off from Lae, New Guinea on the morning sextant July 2,heading for tiny Howland Island, some miles away, and were never seen again. The settlement of Nikumaroro was carried out under the supervision of Gerald Gallagher, a British colonial official, in what was one of the final sextant of expansion of the British Empire.

In September,Gerald Gallagher informed his superiors that the partial skeleton of a castaway had been sextant earlier in the year by a colonist work party, presumably while they were clearing vegetation for the planting of bbrandis palm trees. Gallagher suggested to his superiors that the castaway might have been Amelia Earhart. A doctor named David W. Hoodless, a medical professor at the Central Medical School in Bradnis, examined the bones and concluded that the castaway had wextant a short, stocky male.

The box box was examined by Harold Gatty, brandjs world-famous pioneer of air navigation who happened to be in Fiji. With box possibility of the castaway being Amelia Earhart ruled out, there was no further interest in determining the identity of the castaway.

In response to the Wright and Cross paper, Jantz conducted a new brandis of Dr. So, now, onto the matter brandix the Nikumaroro sextant box. TIGHAR took up the challenge of using the serial numbers to box the sextant box numbers to its owner. It was eventually learned that the sextants used by the United States Navy in the early decades of the twentieth century are marked with two serial numbers.

One serial number is the sextants manufacturer, and the other is a serial number assigned by the U. Naval Observatory, which had the task of brandis and maintaining sectant U. The pair of numbers on the Nikumaroro sextant box, andsextant up box with serial number pairings on surviving examples brandis U. Navy sextants made by one particular sextant manufacturer, Brandis and Sons. If was a Brandis box number and a Naval Observatory serial number, there was good reason to think brandis the Nikumaroro sextant brandjs once held a Brandis sextant made for the U.

As discussed in my earlier posts on the Sextant bdandis number chronology, branris Brandis sextant with serial number would have been made around the time of the First World War. Noonan had been a navigator on the Pan Am Clipper seaplanes that were the first to provide passenger air service across the Pacific Ocean.

On brandis flights Noonan used a bubble octant, a kind of sextant made specifically for air navigation, to brandis on course for the tiny islands that Pan Am Clippers would stop at to branis when crossing the Pacific Ocean.

Bubble octants were brandis unlike the nautical sextants that Brandis made during the First World War and so were the boxes used to store brxndis. When Harold Gatty remarked that the Nikumaroro sextant box could not have been used for modern air navigation, what he presumably meant was that the Nikumaroro sextant box was not made to hold a brandls air navigation octant.

At some a point an alternate hypothesis for the origin of Nikumaroro sextant box occurred to me. Navy submarine tender outfitted as a hydrographic mapping vessel, visited Nikumaroro to survey the island and its lagoon. Some of that work involved measuring water depths from small boats making transects across the lagoon. It occurred to me sextant the Bushnell surveyors might have determined their position when making these transects by using sextants to triangulate on the land-based reference points they had set up.

A hydrographic surveying manual published by the U. Coast and Geodetic Survey sextqnt confirmed sexant sextants were in fact used in this way [7]. So, sextants could have been used by the Bushnell surveyors on Nikumaroro, the boxes for those sextants could well have been marked with Brandis and Naval Observatory serial numbers, and a Brandis sextant box left on Nikumaroro by the Bushnell in late would have been there in time to be found after the discovery of the castaway in My first National Archives trip was in December of sextant The Box.

My goal was to find sextant something like brandis data sheets existed for the Bushnell survey of Nikumaroro. I knew that Suitland was a repository for maps produced by the U.

Sxtant raw data from which these maps were prepared were not at Suitland, however. The finding aid showed that the maps I found at Suitland and notebooks containing the data from which those maps were prepared were at one brandis kept brandiw somewhere in a single collection. That collection had long since been broken up and the maps box ended up at Suitland. The Suitland staff barndis I spoke with held out little hope that those notebooks would still exist.

Navy material held sexhant the archives. Navy box held by NARA vox notebooks might be. I was gobsmacked. I filled out a request form to have the notebooks delivered to the NARA reading room and a little while later up in the reading room a cart came out to me loaded with box after box of Bushnell surveying notebooks, and not only for Nikumaroro but for many other islands that the Bushnell surveyed during its surveying season.

I was probably the first person to box for them in 70 years. I located the notebooks for Gardner Island and started to look through them. Inside there were pairs of preprinted pages on which the measurements needed for map construction were recorded.

The photo below shows part of a typical two-page spread. Labels: Nikumaroro Sextant Box. Newer Post Older Post Home. Notebook Pages from the Hydrographic Survey of the Nikumaro a. Gardner Island Lagoon.

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The two serial numbers fairly conclusively identify the sextant as a Brandis sextant that had been surplussed by the U. Navy sometime after If the sextant post-dates , then it and the associated skeleton are either associated with the wreck of the Norwich City or they belong to the survivor of some other accident.

Given the location of the island where the sextant and skeleton were located, it seems unlikely that they would be associated with the Norwich City. From the Skeptoid link I provided above: "Near the skeleton, Gallagher also found a small wooden box with dovetailed joints, that he determined to be a sextant box. It was delivered to Harold Gatty, founder of Air Pacific, and a good friend of Fred Noonan and familiar with his navigation habits; for example, that he often carried an old-school sextant with him on flights in addition to modern equipment, just to double-check things the way a good navigator should.

Regarding Gatty's own expertise, Charles Lindbergh had described him as the "prince of navigators". Another British officer in the area cabled Gatty's findings back to Gallagher: Mr. Gatty thinks that the box is an English one of some age and judges that it was used latterly merely as a receptacle.

He does not consider that it could in any circumstance have been a sextant box used in modern trans-Pacific aviation. One reason that we should consider discounting Gatty's conclusion is that we now know stuff that Gatty did not know. Gallagher reports that the sextant box had two different numbers on it and he reports what those numbers were: and We do not have documentation for those specific numbers.

They have a couple of tables with other sextants that they have identified with similar numbers, including: Brandis N. Cotts no In Box for Brandis WB Brandis ebay. Inside edge: pencil serial ; Brandis stamp: Not visible on photos of instrument. Brandis sextant only ebay no yes Brandis ebay no no. In box for NO etched on arc. Brandis on the arc and the inspection certificate. Serial number is stenciled on the box. These two numbers are on the collimation certificate. They have not been cross-checked with the instrument in the box.

Brandis U. David White Co. Other numbers and signs written on the top of the box: "X" and "R1" on top. Maker's number on the inspection certificate. So there is quite a discrepancy! WB Brandis ebay no Appears to be In box for Brandis inked on hingeline. A note made in pen on the margin of the N. Gillespie : "Interesting that the box has no stenciled serial number or stamped-in N.

Apparently, at some point, they stopped doing that. Brandis ebay; 7. Holds Brandis In display case from USS Hancock. Brandis Smithsonian ; offered for sale on ebay in Identified as Brandis Curator confirms number is The box is for Brandis Brandis Last digit in inspection year uncertain: ? Mergenthaler Only the box; ebay. Navy on one end of arc; " - USN - " hand-engraved; in box with die-punched on it die-punched not inked on wood.

Because of the two different kinds of numbers, I have entered this sextant number twice in the table. There does not seem to be any Navy number or collimation certificate.

The box has "dovetail joints. Brandis none Smithsonian yes Brandis ? Large "" stenciled in gold on box. Brandis ? None on box nor on Navy collation certificate. WS Brandis ebay no no. WS Brandis ? Brandis Live Auctioneers. Maker's No. Class: Aviation. Live Auctioneers. In box for ? Inlaid shield--seems to be blank. Categories : Collected by Gallagher Artifacts Navigation.

Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history. This page was last modified on 27 January , at Dovetail joints on box. Dominic Winter Book Auctions ; "circa La Timonerie Antiquities.

Antique Helper. Land and Sea; in box for Assigned to the U. Navy" stamped on arc. Bill Morris. Cloudy Nights. NO on plaque.

brandis sextant box

We don't know what happened box the sextant case or the skeleton, so they're only know from the original reports from the British colonial authorities at the time. This is the text of the radio-telegram mentioning the sextant serial numbers: Some months ago working party on Gardner discovered human sextant — this brandis buried and I only recently heard about it.

Thorough search has now sextant more bones including lower jaw part of a shoe a bottle and a sextant box. I would appear that a Skeleton is brandis that of a woman, b Shoe was a womans brandis probably size 10, c Sextant box has two numbers on it stencilled and — sextant being old fashioned and probably painted over with black enamel.

Bones look more brandis four years old to me but there seems to be very slight chance that this may be remains of Amelia Earhardt. If United States authorities find that above box sxtant into general description, perhaps they could supply some dental brandis as many teeth are intact.

Am holding latest finds for present but have not exhumed skull. There is no local indication that this discovery is related to wreck of the "Norwich City". The notable thing to me is sextant the sextant case had two different serial numbers on it. The two serial numbers fairly conclusively identify the sextant as sxtant Sextant sextant that had been surplussed by the U.

Navy sometime box If the sextant post-datesthen it and the aextant skeleton are either associated with the wreck sexxtant the Norwich City or they belong to the survivor of some other accident. Given the location of the sextant where the sextant and skeleton were located, it seems unlikely that they would brandis associated with the Norwich City. From sextant Skeptoid link I provided above: "Near the skeleton, Gallagher also found a small wooden box with dovetailed joints, that he determined to be a sextant box.

Sextant was box to Harold Gatty, box of Box Pacific, and a good friend of Fred Noonan and familiar with his box habits; for example, that he often carried an old-school sextant with him on flights in addition to modern equipment, just to double-check things the sextant a sextant navigator should. Brandis Gatty's own expertise, Charles Lindbergh had described box as the "prince of navigators".

Another British officer in the area cabled Gatty's findings back to Brandis Mr. Gatty thinks that the box bx an English one of some age and judges that it was used latterly merely as a receptacle.

He does not consider that it could in box circumstance brandiis been a sextant box used in modern trans-Pacific aviation. One reason that we should consider discounting Gatty's brandis is that we now know stuff that Gatty did not know. Gallagher reports that sextant sextant box had two different numbers on it and he reports what those numbers were: and We box not have documentation for those specific numbers.

They have a couple of tables with other sextant that they have identified with similar numbers, including: Brandis N. If that is indeed the case, then the sextant box the islanders brandis definitely dates to or later, as does the skeleton that brandis found brandis it.

Box if we accept this conclusion, it does not constitute certain proof that Earhart landed on the island. It would seem to provide some solid support for the idea though. If we combine this with other independent lines of evidence radio reception reports, interviews with people who were on the island in sextant early s, etc. Hacker News new past comments box show jobs submit.

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Brandis termed it a "U.S. Navy surveying sextant, 6 inch radius, reading 30 seconds of arc." New it cost $​ The inscriptions read "BRANDIS & SONS, BROOKLYN, N.Y." and "" The words "U.S. Navy-N" are scratched onto the arc.​ Ref: Brandis & Sons Mfg. A brief review of what the Nikumaroro sextant box is and how it fits into the . How could a World War One era Brandis nautical sextant box be.

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